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Table 2 Mobile Broadband Model Variables

From: Who’s Superconnected and Who’s Not? Investment in the UK’s Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Infrastructure

Variable Description Level Source Obs Mean Std. Dev. Min. Max.
Data ij Average data throughput per premises (upload & download) (MB) ULA Ofcom 2014b 173 610.3 168.48 256 1268
P.Tert ij Percentage of tertiary employment (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 89.22 4.69 70.88 98.24
P.KIBS Percentage of employment in Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 11.19 5.58 3.39 30.96
P.ML ij Percentage of Medium (50-249 employees) and Large (250+ employees) Firms using workplaced-based employment (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 3.66 1.07 1.55 6
P. Occupation ij Percentage of the population with Level 3 & 4 occupations (managers, professionals, skilled trades etc.) (under the Standard Occupation Classification, 2010) (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 50.01 5.2 39.3 64.8
P.Econ. Active ij Percentage of the population that are economically active (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 68.79 3.28 61.1 78.4
P.Students ij Percentage of schoolchildren and students (>18 years of age) in full time education (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 4.93 3.4 2 18.4
Median.Age ij Median age of the population ULA Nomis 2012 173 40.29 3.64 29 47
Density ij Population density in each MSOA (KM2) ULA Nomis / ONS SAM 173 1155.32 1323.73 9 5285
P.Claim ij Percentage of the working population claiming a state benefit (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 5.4 2.28 1.52 11.39
P.Edu ij Percentage of the population with a degree (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 21.04 5.16 12.1 41.4
P.Non. White ij Percentage of the population that are non-white (%) ULA Nomis 2012 173 7.9 9.07 1.08 49.48
Gva.Per.Cap j Workplace based GVA per capita (income allocated to the region where the economic activity took place) (£) Nuts 1 ONS, 2012 11 18714.38 2595.74 15401 37232
Patent. Apps j Patent applications to the EPO by priority year Nuts 1 Eurostat 2011 11 176.68 140.25 39.95 550.9
  1. Shetland, Orkney and Eileanan Star were outliers and were subsequently excluded