Skip to main content

Table 1 Fixed Broadband Model Variables

From: Who’s Superconnected and Who’s Not? Investment in the UK’s Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Infrastructure

Variable Description Level Source Obs. Mean Std. Dev. Min. Max.
Average.Sp ij Average fixed broadband speed (Mbits/s) MSOA Ofcom 2014a 7004 17.75 6.47 1.83 31.89
Connection. Density ij Total number of connections divided by the total number of domestic premises MSOA Ofcom 2014a/ OS Codepoint 7004 0.72 0.09 0.32 1.83
P.Tert ij Percentage of tertiary employment (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 90.8 9.12 39.52 100
P.KIBS ij Percentage of employment in Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 24.45 9.27 0 82.61
Occupation ij Percentage of the population with Level 3 & 4 occupations (managers, professionals, skilled trades etc.) (under the Standard Occupation Classification, 2010) (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 51.47 10.8 22.8 85.7
PML ij Percentage of Medium (50-249 employees) and Large (250+ employees) Firms using workplaced-based employment (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 2.32 2.58 0 16.49
Median.Age ij Median age of the population MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 39.75 6.25 20 63
P.Owner ij Percentage of home owners (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 64.48 16.9 7.3 96.5
Students ij Percentage of adults (>18 years of age) in full time education (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 4.92 6.53 0.8 82.5
P.Edu ij Percentage of the population with a degree (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 21.89 9.53 3.51 62.62
P.Claim ij Percentage of the working population claiming a state benefit (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 2.56 1.96 0.06 17.38
P.Non.White ij Percentage of the population that are non-white (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 12.9 17.52 0.4 94.4
P.Econ. Active ij Percentage of the population that are economically active (%) MSOA Nomis 2012 7004 69.69 5.72 26.8 87.7
P.Cable j Percentage of exchanges with cable enabled (%) LAD Sam Knows 2013 348 57.19 40.65 0 100
P.LLU j Percentage of exchanges with Local Loop Unbundling (LLU) (%) LAD Sam Knows 2013 348 78 27.35 0 100
LLU.Count j Average number of service providers at LLU enabled exchanges (%) LAD Sam Knows 2013 348 4.44 2.61 0 9.75